Click on the title to read the full post



June 30, 2015
I just finished two great videos, again working with Larch Digital. This time we were honoured to help Canadian Rockies Public Schools produce some great content for their new website for the Canadian Rockies Outdoor Learning Centre. The Outdoor Learning Centre provides some awesome experiential learning and leadership building skills in the beautiful Rocky Mountains…



June 13, 2015
A few days ago my friends at Archaeological Services Inc. posted a cool 3D rendering of a syphilitic skull on Sketchfab. The skull in question was from their 2007 and 2008 archaeological investigation of Toronto's infamous Don Jail…



May 25, 2015
This past winter I was lucky enough to be asked to help out with a video for the Kids On The Hill program. Kids On The Hill takes kids from underprivileged backgrounds and gives them an opportunity to try skiing and snowboarding for the first time…



May 1, 2015
This past February Jayme Stone and his musical collaborators played a great concert at The Banff Centre. Jayme's latest album - actually more of a collaboratory project - is called The Lomax Project. With the project Jayme has dusted off old field recordings by Alan Lomax and given them new life and new arrangements. The results are truly amazing…



April 20, 2015
Back in 2013 I had the great pleasure to contribute to an incredible documentary - SongbirdSOS. The film is an investigation into the global decline of songbirds. It is an important film produced by some very hard working filmmakers - lead by Joanne Jackson and Su Rynard…



March 21, 2015
A few weeks ago the podcast and CBC radio show Grownups Read Things They Wrote As Kids visited The Banff Centre for a live recording. Grownups Who Read Things They Wrote as Kids - or hashtagged to #GRTTWaK - is a really fun concept where obviously grownups read things they wrote as kids…



February 9, 2015
Back in late November The Banff Centre hosted the Convergence summit on art + technology. It was a super cool couple of days with some really interesting installations, performances and speaker presentations…



December 6, 2014
Last month as part of the Banff Mountain Film Festival I got the chance to film with the amazing photographer Jimmy Chin and National Geographic. National Geographic is a major partner for the Banff Mountain Film Festival and one of the many cool things they did was a host a Your Shot Meetup lead by Jimmy Chin…



October 21, 2014
The Banff Centre's Independent Music Residency - or Indie Band - just wrapped up and it was a great time shooting with some cool bands and getting to hang out with some awesome faculty. There were some big time producers on hand and Brendan Canning of Broken Social Scene.…



September 20, 2014
I'm so pumped to start a new job at The Banff Centre! As a Video Producer and Videographer I'll be responsible for producing a series of short documentaries called Banff Centre Shorts



December 12, 2013
I recently had the great pleasure and honour of helping Central Toronto Youth Services celebrate their 40th anniversary by producing a series of short videos for them. CTYS does some amazing work in the community, especially with issues surrounding mental health and in the LGBT community…



December 4, 2013
It's been a while since I've posted here - most of my blogging focus has been over at the microsite for my short documentary REclaimed. I wanted to share a quick write up on the film for you all…



July 10, 2013
A short documentary I directed and produced featuring my good friend and amazing artist Matt Durant has officially been launched with a limited time preview in advance of Matt's upcoming solo exhibition at Goodfellas Gallery. The show, called Resilience, opens on July 20th and runs into August…



April 10th, 2013
I recently wrote a series of blog posts for my friend Aaron Muzzerall over at Netverts.com. Below you can find the first post…



November 22nd, 2012
The last Engraved on a Nation documentary airs tonight at 8pm on TSN. The Greatest Team That Never Won tells the story of the rag tag Toronto Argonauts of 1971 who were coached by Leo Cahill and featured legendary NFL quarterback Joe Theismann…



November 9th, 2012
The latest Engraved on a Nation film is a Remembrance Day special that features members of the RCAF Hurricans, who won the Grey Cup in 1942. The Photograph specifically tells the story of Jake Gaudaur, the CFL's longest serving commissioner, and a special photograph of one of the first teams he ever played on - the RCAF Hurricanes…



November 2nd, 2012
Tonight is the 5th instalment of Engraved on a Nation and features the story of the crash of flight 810 after the 1956 East-West All-Star Game. This was a defining moment in the CFL and the story focuses on the family of one of the victims, Calvin Jones…



October 23rd, 2012
The response to The Kid From La Puente and Anthony Calvillo's story has been overwhelming - even reducing grown men to tears. I found myself welling up a few times even though I had already watched several cuts of the film. It is a truly emotional story and a real testament to Shelley Saywell's directorial skills in the way she was able to capture such raw and emotional scenes…



October 17th, 2012
Tomorrow is the big night!!! The premiere of The Kid From La Puente - the 3rd documentary in the Engraved on a Nation series. This is my baby and I can't believe its actually going to be broadcast!! When I was asked to research potential ideas for this series my secret hope as a huge Alouettes fan was that I could convince them to do a story on my hero Anthony Calvillo - and it worked!! I'm so proud of this film and so thrilled to contribute in a small way to raising awareness about Anthony's remarkable story…



October 12th, 2012

The early reviews and ratings are in and so far Engraved on a Nation is a ratings hit and a critical darling! TSN is to be congratulated and I'm so glad they are getting the reaction they were hoping for. It was a big gamble to commission these films - especially as fewer and fewer stand along documentaries are airing on television…



October 10th, 2012
Last night marked the 38th annual Heritage Toronto Awards and William Kilbourn Memorial Lecture. As a former winner I was deeply honoured to be invited to sit as a juror in this years Media category. The jury had to make some hard decisions and we had a very interesting debate about what constitutes heritage and history…



October 5th, 2012
The TSN marketing machine keeps on rolling. Days before the premiere of The 13th Man TSN has launched the official Engraved on a Nation website. Designed by Vancouver's Switch United it is an impressive display of HTML5 and is full of interactive multi-media goodies…



October 2nd, 2012
With less than a week before the premiere of Engraved on a Nation TSN has released a 5 minute trailer previewing all 8 documentaries. It's a great snapshot of the entire series and I can't wait to watch all of the films…



September 26th, 2012
TSN released a formal press release and the schedule for Engraved on a Nation yesterday. The series begins on Thanksgiving Monday, October 8th, immediately following the game between the Toronto Argonauts and the Saskatchewan Roughriders with an intimate look at the love affair between the Roughriders and their passionate fans through the prism of the infamous 13th man penalty in the dying moments of the 97th Grey Cup…



September 12th
TSN recently released a commercial for the upcoming Engraved on a Nation series, which premieres on October 8th. The series features eight documentaries in celebration of the Grey Cup and CFL as part of this years 100th Grey Cup festivities…



August 13th
I recently spent a weekend in beautiful Meaford, Ontario filming some promotional content for Evolve Toy Store. Evolve is an eco friendly toy store with a strong emphasis on supporting the local community. It's a great store with a great vision run by the equally great Samantha McInnis…



July 9th
Another project from the fine folks at YAP Films, The Curse of the Axe, airs tonight at 8pm on History Television. Although I wasn't involved with this project it should prove to be an interesting watch and features my friends Dr. Ron Williamson and Andrea Carnevale from Archaeological Services Inc. The films tell the story of a Huron village just north of Toronto that could change our perceptions of pre-contact Native American culture…



June 6th, 2012
A project that I had the good luck to contribute to and is very near and dear my heart is set to air on History Television on Sunday June 17th at 9pm. Explosion 1812 follows the War of 1812 through the prism of the Battle of York and the gigantic explosion that killed and wounded over 200 American soldiers…



May 6th, 2012
At this year's Hot Docs Festival TSN announced their ambitious new documentary series, Engraved on a Nation. The series is part of this years 100th Grey Cup celebrations and includes films directed by some of Canada's top filmmakers. I was privileged and deeply honoured to work with director Shelley Saywell and producer Dugald Maudsley of Infield Fly Productions on a film focusing on one of my heroes - Montreal Alouette's quarterback Anthony Calvillo…



April 2nd, 2012
I recently started helping Leslieville bakers extraordinaire Bobbette & Belle create some video content for their website and social media outlets. The girls do great work and I'm very excited to start helping promote their great brand even further. Our first project is a simple video for their delicious hot chocolate. Winter's almost over, so get one while you can!!!…






































Winter Travel
June 30, 2015

I just finished two great videos, again working with Larch Digital. This time we were honoured to help Canadian Rockies Public Schools produce some great content for their new website for the Canadian Rockies Outdoor Learning Centre. The Outdoor Learning Centre provides some awesome experiential learning and leadership building skills in the beautiful Rocky Mountains.

This past winter they offered their Winter Travel 15 course and we tagged along with the group to film some fun activities and great learning opportunities. The kids do some cross country skiing and downhill skiing in Lake Louise and a great day of snowshoeing up to Sherbrooke Lake in Yoho National Park. All the while learning important skills for safe winter travel - like avalanche awareness, map and compass skills and fire building. Another really interesting part of this year's Winter Travel course was that is was also part of Canmore Collegiate High School's SAGE program. The SAGE program works with First Nations students to help increase graduation rates among indigenous students - which is a huge problem across Canada. It was a real honour to contribute to such a great program.

You can watch the videos below. Big thanks to Steve Henderson and Alana Cober for helping with some shooting and my main man Emmett McPartlin for putting it all together. And also thanks to Colleen Lee, Jeff Horvath and my friend John Bromley from CRPS and Patrick Hillman of Lake Louise Ski Patrol for giving such great interviews and helping to tell the story of Winter Travel 15.









back



Syphilitic Skull from HANGMAN's GRAVEYARD
June 13, 2015

A few days ago my friends at Archaeological Services Inc. posted a cool 3D rendering of a syphilitic skull on Sketchfab. The skull in question was from their 2007 and 2008 archaeological investigation of Toronto's infamous Don Jail. I produced a great documentary on the dig called Hangman's Graveyard, it was a big hit, was nominated for a Gemini award and History Channel still repeats it to this day. In fact, even 3 years after its premiere it was picked by The Globe And Mail as one of their Five Shows Worth Watching Tonight for the second time.

The syphilitic skull belongs to one Frederik Davis - pictured on the right. Frederick Davis was executed on May 9, 1922 on the Don Jail gallows. Davis had raped and murdered a young boy in 1920. He was certainly one of the more gruesome characters we highlighted in Hangman's Graveyard. I remember being present when the archaeologist first exhumed his remains and the shock and horror of revealing his pitted skull and the gold teeth on his dental bridge - which you can see in the poster above. Davis was suffering from the advanced stages of tertiary syphilis which severely impacted his body and mind. Syphilis causes dementia and no doubt played a part in Davis' horrifying crime. In today's criminal justice system Davis's dementia and insanity would have saved him from the gallows. But Toronto The Good of the early 20th century was outraged at his crime and the jury deliberation during his sentencing was one of the quickest in Canadian history.

You can play around with the 3D model of his skull below and to watch Hangman's Graveyard click HERE.

Syphilitic Skull of Frederick Davis by ASI on Sketchfab







back



Kids On The Hill
May 25, 2015

This past winter I was lucky enough to be asked to help out with a video for the Kids On The Hill program. Kids On The Hill takes kids from underprivileged backgrounds and gives them an opportunity to try skiing and snowboarding for the first time. This year the program worked with Settlement Services In The Bow Valley to bring new Canadians to the ski hill for the first time. It was an amazing time and seeing the joy in the childrens eyes and the happiness in the parents faces was really rewarding and an experience I soon won't forget. But don't take my word for it, have a look a the video I just finished editing!

Here is a response from one of the parents:

Thank you so very much for giving us an opportunity to be a part of the event, I played the video several times and I started to cry watching my boys and the entire group showing their big smiles, happiness, and excitement. I've forwarded this to my family back home to share with them.

Wow! It's things like that that make doing these projects worthwhile.

A big thank you to Anna-Lisa Christilaw for her enthusiasm and dedication to her work. Her passion is so evident in her interview and she adds so much heart to the video. Also a huge thanks to Lake Louise Ski Resort, Brewster Travel Canada and the man who made it all happen - Emmett McPartlin.

Watch the video below!







back



Jayme Stone's Lomax Project
May 1, 2015

This past February Jayme Stone and his musical collaborators played a great concert at The Banff Centre. Jayme's latest album - actually more of a collaboratory project - is called The Lomax Project. With the project Jayme has dusted off old field recordings by Alan Lomax and given them new life and new arrangements. The results are truly amazing.

Alan Lomax was a pioneering field recordist and ethnomusicologist. He traveled the world recording original field recordings. When I heard about the project and that Jayme was coming to The Banff Centre I knew it would make a great story. From my experience working on historical documentaries I know that the best way to take an audience into the past is by having a modern hook. Jayme's project is a perfect hook to take a look back at Alan Lomax and his amazing career and we could centre the story around a performance. Jayme and I had a back and forth and he was really excited by the prospect of filming some videos during his stay in Banff. He suggested the song "I Want To Hear Somebody Pray" which was originally recorded by Alan Lomax on the tiny Carribean island of Carriacou in the early 1960's. It is a call and response style chant that you can imagine being sung by mourners during a funeral procession through Hillsborough - Carriacou's only town. For me Jayme's selection had special significance because my Grandparents retired to Grenada which Carriacou is a dependant of. I've spent lots of time in Grenada and visited Carriacou many times. It was really one of those 'small world' moments.

I thought it would be really cool to centre the video not just on Jayme's performance of this song but to begin with the original recording and have Jayme offer his insights on the original piece and then finish with Jayme's performance to show the difference and similarities. I was blessed to get permission to use the original recording from the Association of Cultural Equity - which was founded by Lomax. The results are amazing and it is one of the best pieces I've produced for The Banff Centre. Jayme's version of the song is stunning and and the vocals by Margaret Glaspy are amazing.

Watch the videos below. The first video focuses on Alan Lomax and the second is Jayme and his band's performance of "I Want To Hear Somebody Pray".









back



SongbirdSOS / The Messenger
April 20, 2015

Back in 2013 I had the great pleasure to contribute to an incredible documentary - SongbirdSOS. The film is an investigation into the global decline of songbirds. It is an important film produced by some very hard working filmmakers - lead by Joanne Jackson and Su Rynard. It was a real labour of love and the budget was stretched to the absolute maximum. I was beyond honoured to help them. I m a firm believer in the power of storytelling and documentary to shine a light on important issues and inspire discussion which can hopefully lead to change.

I only spent a few months on the project mostly helping out to organize a busy summer and fall of shooting. I also did some field directing in Toronto and in Erie, Pennsylvania to film the purple martin migration. Trying to shoot around the migratory patterns of songbirds was incredible difficult and we were constantly checking the weather and using one of the film's participant's BirdCast app. You can actually see birds migrating on doppler radar. How cool is that!

SongbirdSOS premiered on CBC's The Nature of Things last month and the film's theatrical version will have its world premiere at Toronto's world renowned Hot Docs festival. The feature length version is called The Messenger - which references the canary in the coal mine idea. As the film's powerful synopsis tells us:

In ancient times humans looked to the flights and songs of birds to foretell the future. Today once again the birds have something to tell us

Warblers, Buntings, Swallows, Thrushes- are just some of the many songbirds that fill our skies, yards and parks. For thousands of years these affecting songsters have been embarking on an incredible migratory journey across continents and oceans. But today they are threatened by climate change, pesticides, predators and city lights. In this rapidly changing world, songbirds are disappearing at an alarming rate, and their absence is a message to us all.

The MESSENGER is a powerful reflection and intimate investigation that reaches from the northern point of the Boreal Forest to the base of Turkey’s Mount Ararat to the urban streets of New York. On this journey we meet an engaging cast of ecologists, enthusiasts and every day people who are exposing the very real threats to these beautiful birds and working for change.

As songbirds take flight and fight to survive in our changing world, The MESSENGER delivers a visually thrilling ode to the beauty and importance of these imperilled creatures, and what it will mean to all of us on both a global and human level if we lose them.


To watch The Nature of Things version click HERE. You can watch trailer for the theatrical version - The Messenger - below. The theatrical version is far superior to the broadcast version as it isn't limited to a set time and structure and is much more artful in its approach. The footage is absolutely beautiful and its an amazing call to action that shines a light on the plight of songbirds but also offers hope through the actions of the characters in the film. I've had the amazing honour to work on some truly fantastic films during my career and this one is right at the top of the list.







back



Grownups Read Things They Wrote As Kids
March 21, 2015

A few weeks ago the podcast and CBC radio show Grownups Read Things They Wrote As Kids visited The Banff Centre for a live recording. Grownups Who Read Things They Wrote as Kids - or hashtagged to #GRTTWaK - is a really fun concept where obviously grownups read things they wrote as kids.

It just so happens that my Dad had recently sent me a bunch of old letter correspondences between my younger self and him. I wasn't much of a letter writer in my childhood - but my Dad was always trying to get me to write letters to him. Letter writing was something of a family tradition in our family - which isn't surprising when Farley Mowat is your cousin! So at the urging of The Banff Centre's Senior Radio Producer Dominic Girard - who is a good friend of GRTTWak's host and creator Dan Misener - I dug up some old letters and signed up to read them in front of a live audience.

The Montreal Canadiens have always been a big thing in my family. Something to watch together and bond with. My Dad used to watch the games with my Grandmother and when he was about the same age I was when writing these letters les glorieux were in the midst of winning 5 Stanley Cups in the late 50's lead by Rocket Richard

My Dad and I used to collect hockey stickers and you'd have to fill up sticker books with all of the stickers for each team. This quest for stickers is what occupied most of my letters to my father. So for the live event I read a series of letters outlining the many missing stickers I needed to complete my sticker album. My Dad wasn't really interested in collecting stickers but is was something we both could do and then have something to talk about - or write letters about it. I'm forever grateful that my Dad would do these small things to bond with me.

You can listen to the full podcast of the GRRTWaK episode recorded at The Banff Centre below. My bit starts at 13:20 and lasts for about 5 minutes. My friend Emmett also got a big laugh for a letter from his 18 year old self to a disgruntled employer - which starts at 1:20. And another friend, Meghan's, detailed diary entries - where she records the dates by the weather instead of the month or year - starts at 6:00

Look for GRRTWaK to be hitting a town near you! It's was a really funny evening and I highly recommend it. Check out the tour schedule HERE







back



Convergence
February 9, 2014

Back in late November The Banff Centre hosted the Convergence summit on art + technology. It was a super cool couple of days with some really interesting installations, performances and speaker presentations. The Moment Factory from Montreal did a really interesting interactive installation centred around The Banff Centre's fire pit. Talking plants. A laser show. The NFB had a screening room where you could check out some of their interactive projects - including Bear 71, which was directed by my amazing colleague Leanne Allison. And there was even a robot! The telenoid.

With all of these amazing people and amazing projects on campus I was like a kid in a candy store and tried to produce as many shorts as I could. At the end of the weekend I filmed 8 shorts. Not bad for a few days! Even though during the middle of it all I tweaked my knee on the first big powder day of the ski season. I keep forgetting that I'm in my 30's and jumping off cliffs onto flat landings isn't going to work anymore!

In order to start building hype and excitement for next year's Convergence Summit - we have released some of the videos. You can watch them below. There are some really interesting characters and ideas. The rest will be uploaded on the swank new Banff Centre website. Look out for a longer doc on the Moment Factory's project by my colleague and proud Rochesterian Dylan Toombs.

Big thanks to my man Stuart Rankin for kicking ass with the editing and also thanks to Sasha Stanojevic for designing the cool opening graphic. Sasha is one of the most talented people I know and he's as equally dedicated to doing great work as Stuart and I are! I just love working with him. You can see his animation in GIF format above this post.

Have a watch!

















back



Jimmy Chin and National Geographic
December 6, 2014

Last month as part of the Banff Mountain Film Festival I got the chance to film with the amazing photographer Jimmy Chin and National Geographic. National Geographic is a major partner for the Banff Mountain Film Festival and one of the many cool things they did was a host a Your Shot Meetup lead by Jimmy Chin. National Geographic's Your Shot is an amazing initiative where anyone can get their photo published in National Geographic.

Jimmy was a gracious host and we took the large group for a hike to Bow Falls. Jimmy went out of his way to engage anyone who wanted in conversation and and took his fair share of selfies with fans. Jimmy is a really humble and genuine guy and it was an honour to hang out with him for an afternoon. He's one of the few people to ski from the summit of Mt. Everest - which puts him pretty high in my books of amazing people. He also has a documentary set to premiere at the upcoming Sundance Film Festival about his attempts to climb the Shark's Fin on Mt Meru in Northern India. The film is called Meru

Watch the video below. Big thanks to the amazing Stuart Rankin for doing a great job on the edit - as he always does! - and Steve Henderson for getting the pretty pictures. Steve is a big fan of Jimmy and I was really happy to give Steve a chance to get to meet one of his heroes.







back



Brendan Canning and Indie Band!
October 21, 2014

The Banff Centre's Independent Music Residency - or Indie Band - just wrapped up and it was a great time shooting with some cool bands and getting to hang out with some awesome faculty. There were some big time producers on hand and Brendan Canning of Broken Social Scene. I'm a huge fan of BSS, so it was really amazing to get to hang out with Brendan. He's a super cool guy and was very inspired to help the bands reach their full potential.

The four bands invited to participate where:

Invasions

Bernice

TWINKIDS

Year of Glad

We filmed with all of the bands and hopefully will have some cool videos coming up. It was a bit of a challenge because we didn't have much time for pre-production and were adamant of shooting more than just music videos for the bands. We wanted to incorporate some kind of story into the video. We were lucky enough to film the story of a song with TwinKids and that might turn out to be the best video. Also, my colleague, Dylan Toombs, filmed Year of Glad in the ruins of Bankhead, an old coal mining town, near Lake Minnewanka - so that should be pretty cool! Check out a quick edit we put together of Bernice performing "He's The Moon" for Banff Centre Radio below.







back



Banff Centre!
September 15, 2014

I'm so pumped to start a new job at The Banff Centre! As a Video Producer and Videographer I'll be responsible for producing a series of short documentaries called Banff Centre Shorts. The shorts are for the new Banff Centre website and the centre's new broadcast and content initiative.

The Banff Centre is an amazing place and does amazing things and I'm so excited to to help "inspire creativity" and produce some really cool short docs. The first project I worked on featured talented choreographer Crystal Pite and actor/playwright Jonathon Young. They are working on a theatre/dance fusion called Betroffenheit - which is going to premiere at next summer's Pan Am Games in Toronto. And next month Brendan Canning of Broken Social Scene is coming to work with the Indie Band residency - it will be great to get a chance to work with him!

It's a great opportunity and I'm so thrilled to be able to practice my craft in beautiful Banff National Park. It's amazing to have a city job in the middle of a national park. I can't wait to work with all of the amazing artists and staff at The Banff Centre





back



CTYS is 40
December 12, 2013

I recently had the great pleasure and honour of helping Central Toronto Youth Services celebrate their 40th anniversary by producing a series of short videos for them. CTYS does some amazing work in the community, especially with issues surrounding mental health and in the LGBT community.

I could go on and on about the great work CTYS does and their team of dedicated staff and management but I think think the videos can save me some typing and speak for themselves. I'm especially proud of Angela's story. You can watch the videos below.

CTYS 40th from Daniel Thomson on Vimeo.


CTYS 40th from Daniel Thomson on Vimeo.


CTYS 40th from Daniel Thomson on Vimeo.












back



REclaimed
December 4, 2013


It's been a while since I've posted here - most of my blogging focus has been over at the microsite for my short documentary REclaimed. I wanted to share a quick write up on the film for you all.

REclaimed is a poetic portrait of Toronto based artist Matt Durant who uses salvaged and reclaimed materials as a canvas to create beautiful pieces of art. Durant combines an eco sensibility with an eye to sustainable practices to produce works of a unique and original vision.

The genesis for the film is obviously Matt Durant and his amazing work. Matt is a friend of mine and I've always been drawn to his work, but what really interested me and why I thought his story would make a great short documentary was his process and the ideas behind his work. Matt's art is mostly made upon salvaged wood which is reclaimed into art. He is giving new life to the discarded. In the film he says: "I feel quite interested in the idea of resurrection of materials. Things that are considered detritus to a lot of people that are discarding it. I feel there is definitely a lot more life still in it and by making it into art - I think that it can last a long time…Wood and metal and materials - they scar like we do, there's always a story behind what happened to create that marking." It these thoughts and ideas that were interesting to me and more importantly it these thoughts and ideas that I thought would be of interest to an audience and make the film more than just an artist profile and able to engage a wider audience regardless of how they felt about Matt's art.

We began filming the documentary almost three years ago to the day. As a side project with no budget I pushed forward on the film in bits and pieces and finally finished in January of this year. I was humbled to have REclaimed selected to screen at this year's Planet In Focus Film Festival and happy to announce that it will also be screening at next year's Belleville Downtown DocFest. To learn more about the film click on the wordmark below to visit the film's microsite.







back



Resilience
July 10, 2013

A short documentary I directed and produced featuring my good friend and amazing artist Matt Durant has officially been launched with a limited time preview in advance of Matt's upcoming solo exhibition at Goodfellas Gallery. The show, called Resilience, opens on July 20th and runs into August. Below is the write up for the show:

RESILIENCE
Inspired by the unmatched patina often discovered in rescued objects; Matt Durant builds his art around his eco sensibility and unrivalled enthusiasm for the discarded.

"I feel quite interested in the idea of the resurrection of materials- things that are considered detritus to a lot of people that are discarding it. I feel there is definitely a lot more life still in it, and by making it into art, I think it can last a long time." -Matt Durant, REclaimed

With a new longevity breathed into the salvaged materials, "RESILIENCE" is Durant's latest collection of works entirely focused on the sustainable practice, unearthing the stories told from the materials former use, and recreating the final chapter.

"Wood and metal and materials- they scar like we do, there's always a story behind what happened to create that marking." says the artist.

Through the steeling effects where the experience leads to better functioning; "RESILIENCE" is most commonly understood as the process, not a trait of the individual.


My documentary, Reclaimed, will be featured at the exhibit and is also available to be viewed on Matt's website or you can watch it below. It will be available online for the duration of the "RESILIENCE" exhibition. To learn more about the film check out the website HERE.







back



Why Video? Why Now?
April 10th, 2013

I recently wrote a series of blog posts for my friend Aaron Muzzerall over at Netverts.com. Below you can find the first post

The growth of online video in the last few years has exploded. The ever increasing bandwidth of our online space had made this possible, but what's fuelled it is our appetite for video content. The pictured graph from Cisco illustrates this growth explosion. It's mind-boggling to think that in only a few short years our consumption of online video will go from 10 million terabytes in 2010 to 50 million in 2015! But its not unsurprising YouTube is now the number two search engine in the world. How many of use Netflix? How many of us have thought about cancelling our cable and just watching media through the internet. Game of Thrones was the most pirated television series of 2012, its recent premier of Season Three was the most pirated television show ever - with more than 1 million people illegally downloading the show in only 24 hours! So you can see that our appetite for consuming video through the internet will continue to grow and grow and GROW.

Moving images have long been the most powerful medium to disseminate messaging. The combination of music, images, narration, emotion and story can have an extremely powerful impact on the intended audience in a very short time frame - much more so than the written word or static pictures. There is a reason that companies pay millions of dollars for advertising time during the Super Bowl and ask yourself how long does it take to watch a movie compared to reading a book? For a more technical explanation lets consult an expert. Dr. Susan Weinschenk is a leading expert on the psychology of online video and why its so powerful. She is a consultant for such big brands as Amazon, Disney and Walmart. In the below video she describes her 4 Reasons Why Online Video Is Persuasive.



All of this is to say that if you aren't using online video to promote your brand or business - YOU SHOULD BE!!! The two keys that make producing your own video content such an obvious choice are COST and IMPACT. It has never been cheaper and more affordable to produce video. The emergence of DSLR cameras that can film beautiful HD images has drastically reduced the cost of making video content. We've already discussed the impact of video above but it is using this impact to increase your brand awareness and social media reach that is going to grow your audience and ultimately grow your business.

In my next post I'll go over some of the different kinds of online videos and some keys to making effective video content. In the meantime feel free to contact NetVerts about how we can help create high impact, cost effective videos for you!





back



The Greatest Team That Never Won
November 22nd, 2012

The last Engraved on a Nation documentary airs tonight at 8pm on TSN. The Greatest Team That Never Won tells the story of the rag tag Toronto Argonauts of 1971 who were coached by Leo Cahill and featured legendary NFL quarterback Joe Theismann. Cahill had spent big bucks to make Toronto a contender in hopes of ending Toronto's near 20 year Grey Cup drought. The team was full of of a new kind of athlete not seen in stuffy Toronto before. These players were talented and brazen. They lived like rock stars and helped shake off Toronto's buttoned down image where fun goes to die. They rolled through the season and were heavily favoured to win the big game against Calgary. But a last minute fumble by running back Leon McQuay cost them the game - although that may be over simplify things to McQuay's detriment as football games are seldom won and lost in one single play.

It is a fitting end to a wonderful series and the TSN schedulers must be happy that the 100th Grey Cup is a rematch of the 1971 Grey Cup game featured in this film. The documentary was produced by 90th Parallel Productions and directed by Christie Callan-Jones. The production team also includes CFL / NHL visual researcher extraordinaire Paul Patskou. I remember roughly a year ago when we were first brainstorming ideas for these films, Paul's first thought was Leo Cahill and the 1971 Argos - so I'm really happy that this film got made for his sake and other Argonaut fans like him. Although I'm still bitterly disappointed from the Alouettes loss to Toronto last week I hope the Argos win for Paul.

Again tune into TSN tonight at 8pm! You can read more about the film at TSN.ca HERE and a nice article in the Toronto Sun HERE.





back



The Photograph
November 9th, 2012

The latest Engraved on a Nation film is a Remembrance Day special that features members of the RCAF Hurricans, who won the Grey Cup in 1942. The Photograph specifically tells the story of Jake Gaudaur, the CFL's longest serving commissioner, and a special photograph of one of the first teams he ever played on - the RCAF Hurricanes. Jake Gaudaur always cherished this photograph but would never tell his family anything about it. In 1942 the RCAF Hurricanes competed for the Grey Cup. Soon after most of the men went overseas to fight. Many did not return. Now Jake's two daughters, Jackie and Diane, try to solve the mystery of their father's photograph. In the process they discover the profound impact this team had on their father, his life in football, and on the country itself.

Again, I didn't work on this episode but it was produced by Dugald Maudsley of Infield Fly Productions and the initial research was done by Andrew McIntosh. The film is directed by the very talented Manfred Becker. It's sure to be a very touching and emotional film. It airs tonight at 7:30 pm on TSN and again on Remembrance Day (Sunday) on CTV at noon. You can read more about the film at TSN.ca HERE and read an article in The Winnipeg Free Press HERE.

Watch the trailer below.







back



The Crash of Flight 810
November 2nd, 2012

Tonight is the 5th instalment of Engraved on a Nation and features the story of the crash of flight 810 after the 1956 East-West All-Star Game. This was a defining moment in the CFL and the story focuses on the family of one of the victims. Calvin Jones played for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers and had emerged as one of the best offensive lineman in the CFL. In fact he was the first African-American athlete to grace the cover of Sports Illustrated while we was a college standout at the University of Iowa. Calvin's grandson Edwin Harrison currently plays for the Calgary Stampeders and much of the film follows his journey to learn about the grandfather he never met - including an emotional climb to the site of the crash on Mt. Sleese.

Although, I didn't work on this episode it was produced by Dugald Maudsley of Infield Fly Productions (who I worked with on The Kid From La Puente) and researched by a great friend of mine, Nancy Carter. I am looking forward to watching this emotional story tonight at 8pm on TSN. You can read more about the film at TSN.ca HERE and watch the trailer below.







back



The Kid From La Puente reaction
October 23rd, 2012

The response to The Kid From La Puente and Anthony Calvillo's story has been overwhelming - even reducing grown men to tears. I found myself welling up a few times even though I had already watched several cuts of the film. It is a truly emotional story and a real testament to Shelley Saywell's directorial skills in the way she was able to capture such raw and emotional scenes. Anthony's story transcends football and tells a tale of tremendous perserverence. The original working title for this film was Endure and Fight and those two words could not better describe Anthony and his family. As his best friend Don Lyons puts it in the film "he was just trying to move forward with what he had, which was a whole lot of nothing."

Andrew Bucholtz of Yahoo! Sports' 55 Yard says of the film "TSN promised to look at spectacular stories that transcended the CFL with their Engraved On A Nation documentary series, and through the first three, they've more than delivered… these stories are so remarkable, and the way they go beyond football to bring us the lives of quarterbacks Chuck Ealey and Anthony Calvillo." Rick Moffat, a highly regarded Montreal sports journalist sums up the film as such: "It’s amazing what you can accomplish when your heart and your mind are in the right place. Amazing we never know for sure who or what will steer us there. Anthony Calvillo and his brothers are cases in point, their intertwined fates explored in the great new documentary “The Kid From La Puente” for TSN’s ENGRAVED ON A NATION series. It is inspiring viewing for families, cancer patients, and of course for football fans too, although director Shelley Saywell confessed to me this week she didn’t know anything about the CFL or our big-hearted quarterback of the Alouettes before making the film." Even Coach Marc Trestman was impressed and surprised at some of the revelations, reports Murray McCormick : "I didn't know those things about him and I've known him for five years…He's humble, hard-working and transcends our locker-room. We are just trying to walk the path that he does as a humble man." The CFL's Armchair Film Critic solicited feedback from fans and commended the film stating that "Calvillo and his family reveal a story that's never before been told, showing us a whole different side of a future Hall of Fame quarterback and giving us an entirely different appreciation of number 13 and not just what he's accomplished on the field, but his character off of it." Here are some of the best fan reviews:

@Atomas72 Watching "The kid from La Puente" Amazed how #Calvillo always stayed humble and grateful. #CFL #truegrit

@Chris_Dion Don't think I'll fast forward thru the commercial break during Engraved On A Nation. I'm in tears, I need a break. @cfl @MTLAlouettes

@jhaugan Watching the Anthony Calvillo story on TSNs Engraved On A Nation... I've only cried 3 times. Oh, there's the 4th. #CFL

@oskeemannyo AC#13 Story AmAzing! POWERFUL! Ovrcame so MUCH! SURVIVOR! God bless the Calvillo family! The GR8est QB evr! Thx Anthony, plesaure watchin U!

And perhaps Anthony Calvillo himself delivered the strongest endorsement of the film with an incredible performance this weekend against the Saskatchewan Roughriders - a performance that included 2 rushing touchdowns!! It certainly would be a storybook finish if The Kid From La Puente could lead the Montreal Alouettes to a victory in the 100th Grey Cup.

Big congratulations to director Shelley Saywell, producer Dugald Maudsley and the entire team at TSN and Infield Fly Productions for producing such an amazing documentary. I am so proud to have had the chance to contribute to this documentary and the Engraved on a Nation series.

Below you can read some of the reaction to the film via twitter. And here is a great interview on Ottawa's Team 1200 with Shelley Saywell.








back



The Kid From La Puente
October 17th, 2012


Tomorrow is the big night!!! The premiere of The Kid From La Puente - the 3rd documentary in the Engraved on a Nation series. This is my baby and I can't believe its actually going to be broadcast!! When I was asked to research potential ideas for this series my secret hope as a huge Alouettes fan was that I could convince them to do a story on my hero Anthony Calvillo - and it worked!! I'm so proud of this film and so thrilled to contribute in a small way to raising awareness about Anthony's remarkable story. Its been nearly a year since the initial development of this film and Shelley Saywell has taken this project to an unbelievable new place. The film will give the audience a never before seen and extremely emotional look at Anthony Calvillo's life and family. Through talking to Anthony's friends and relatives I found out that he is an even more remarkable man than I had originally thought. His best friend Don Lyons, whom Anthony lived with in High School, told me an amazing story about when his Mother was sick in the hospital. Don called Anthony to tell him the bad news and when he went to the hospital the next day to visit his Mother - Anthony was there at his Mother's bedside. This was only days before a big game and after talking with Don he had jumped on the next available flight to California to be there for his friend. This is just one of the many stories about Anthony. He is an amazing quarterback to be sure, but he is an even more amazing man. He is the kind of athelete that we should be proud of and the kind of athlete we should be honoured to have as a role model for our children.

Now for some early reviews. Stu Cowan of the Montreal Gazette writes that "If you’re not already a fan of Alouettes quarterback Anthony Calvillo, you almost certainly will be if you watch the documentary about his life titled The Kid From La Puente." Veteran television critic James Bawden gives the documentary 4 stars and claims it is "Must See TV" and thinks that "It would be a rotten shame if the great new Canadian TV documentary The Kid From La Puente were only watched by diehard football fans. This blazing hour of revelations from Montreal Alouettes quarterback Anthony Calvillo is much more than a saga of a great footballer. Tune in to the premiere on TSN Thurs. Oct. 18 at 9 p.m. to see if you don't agree with me…Saywell pushes most of the buttons, and the hour is so successful the story could be expanded into a TV movie like the one that starred David James Elliott as footballer Terry Evanshen." Bill Beacon of The Canadian Press writes that "Anthony Calvillo hasn't talked a lot about his past during his 19-year career. It was known that the Canadian Football League’s all-time passing leader grew up in a tough neighbourhood in Los Angeles and that he chose football over a life of street gang crime, but over the years he has given few details of just how difficult it was. Director Shelley Saywell’s documentary “The Kid From La Puente” shows both the horrifying and uplifting aspects of the star quarterback’s upbringing that the 40-year-old has kept mostly to himself." Calvillo himself in the article explains his thoughts about the film: ”You’ve been asked all the questions in the world when you’ve played so long, so you’re kind of used to it. This wasn’t an easy decision to make because now it involved my entire family. So we had a family discussion about that. They all felt comfortable moving forward. The thing you find out is that you tend to open up a bit more, not only myself but my mom and my brothers. Whenever you can share stuff that maybe’s been eating you up inside for years, it’s good to get it off your chest. So to me, I thought it was a great thing for my family to share stuff we never shared before.”

Don't forget to tune in on THURSDAY OCTOBER 18th at 9pm. You can watch the promo below.







back



Engraved on a Nation reaction
October 12th, 2012

The early reviews and ratings are in and so far Engraved on a Nation is a ratings hit and a critical darling! TSN is to be congratulated and I'm so glad they are getting the reaction they were hoping for. It was a big gamble to commission these films - especially as fewer and fewer stand along documentaries are airing on television.

According to TSN roughly 530 000 people tuned into the first instalment in the series, The 13th Man. That represents the largest single audience ever for a documentary airing on TSN. The reviews have been equally rewarding so far as well. John Doyle , our nation's preeminent television critic, writes that "Engraved on a Nation is an eight-film original documentary series to mark the 100th playing of the Grey Cup, and it is wonderful. TSN is to be congratulated on this production, which is far from being the cheaply made, superficial material that so is so often presented as in-depth coverage on sports channels. With this project TSN has some of our finest, award-winning documentary filmmakers doing substantial short films about the history of the Grey Cup. They are beautifully made, nuanced and often deeply cogent." And concludes that "the series isn’t pure nostalgia. It transcends that. It doesn’t fetishize memories of the Grey Cup. What it does is remind us that this history unites us. It will inspire nostalgia, though, and bring more pleasure to some people than any amount of attention to the hottest, latest trend." Scott Stinson of the National Post thought the series is made up of "some damned interesting stories…It is a cliché, but these are stories that transcend sport. And these are some well-crafted, evocative films…it is to TSN’s credit that it embarked on an ambitious program." Finally, Brian Oswald of the Winnipeg Free Press writes that "if the first couple of instalments in the new Grey Cup-inspired series Engraved On a Nation are any indication, TSN really has -- to employ an entirely inappropriate wrong-sport metaphor -- knocked it out of the park."

Don't forget to tune into the second instalment, Stone Thrower: The Chuck Ealey Story , tonight at 10:30pm following the game between the Hamilton Tiger-Cats and the BC Lions on TSN. Below is a video featuring Chuck's daughter Jael Richardson, whose book about her father is used a plot device in the film.







back



Heritage Toronto Awards
October 10th, 2012

Last night marked the 38th annual Heritage Toronto Awards and William Kilbourn Memorial Lecture. As a former winner I was deeply honoured to be invited to sit as a juror in this years Media category. The jury had to make some hard decisions and we had a very interesting debate about what constitutes heritage and history. I am pleased to announce that this years big winner in the Media category is the NFB's outstanding transmedia project One Millionth Tower - which is part of the larger and equally amazing Highrise project. To me this project really signify's the shifting attitudes towards heritage and history as it moves away from the exclusive enclave of stuffy mutton chops and the past. The project highlights the re-imagining of one post-war high-rise complex in Toronto's north end. It's a cutting edge use of HTML5 that really highlights the way technology is changing documentary storytelling techniques. The jury statement reads:

An interactive website and short documentary, Highrise–One Millionth Tower invites visitors to explore how participatory urban design can transform spaces, places and minds. Over one thousand post-war highrises comprise part of Toronto's architectural legacy, and many are now in a state of disrepair. This project had a group of Kipling highrise residents, together with architects, re-envision their homes in a story that unfolds in a virtual environment.

Congratulations to Katerina Cizek, Gerry Flahive, the NFB and the entire One Millionth Tower team. Also to be commended is The Guild Inn - Save It! project which took home an Honourable Mention award. It's a great example of community-based amateur filmmaking in the name of a cause - in this case the old Guild Inn. The video can be watched HERE and click below to engage with the NFB's One Millionth Tower project. You can read about all of last night's winners HERE







back



Engraved on a Nation website
October 5th, 2012

The TSN marketing machine keeps on rolling. Days before the premiere of The 13th Man TSN has launched the official Engraved on a Nation website. Designed by Vancouver's Switch United it is an impressive display of HTML5 and is full of interactive multi-media goodies. Not only can you find information on each of the 8 films - including shorts clips and interviews with the directors - but also interactive elements of other stories in celebration of the 100th Grey Cup. You can also see highlights and information on all 100 Grey Cup games. The website will also host each of the films after their premiere on TSN. Click the image below to launch the website and you can read the first review of The 13th Man by Rob Vanstone of Regina's Leader-Post HERE







back



Engraved on a Nation series trailer
October 2nd, 2012

With less than a week before the premiere of Engraved on a Nation TSN has released a 5 minute trailer previewing all 8 documentaries. It's a great snapshot of the entire series and I can't wait to watch all of the films. TSN's Shawn Redmond also spoke to Yahoo Sports 55 Yard Line about the series. Below is a great excerpt from the article which I think really sums up the approach to the series.

"We really wanted to tell Canadian stories that have the CFL and the Grey Cup at the centre," he said. "These stories will appeal to fans of the CFL, but more broadly to sports fans and to a non-sports audience."

Redmond said this amount of focus on lengthy documentaries is considerably different from the network's usual approach.

"This is not typically what TSN does," he said.

He said two factors in particular inspired them to pursue this angle; the success of TSN's in-house storytelling features across sports (for game broadcasts and SportsCentre segments) and the tremendous response they've received from airing ESPN's popular 30 For 30 documentary series, which takes a similar approach of having renowned directors tell stories beyond the games. TSN then reached out to prominent directors and narrowed a wide pool of ideas down to these eight. Redmond said what really differentiated the selected entries was how those proposals were about so much more than just the games.

"The directors weren't necessarily focused on what was happening on the field," he said. "They found a way to tell great stories without getting focused on the on-field action."

Redmond said they didn't want to do a traditional approach of having one film per decade or one per team, but rather wanted to go with wider stories that really addressed the different aspects of the CFL in advance of the 100th Grey Cup this fall.

"The 100th Grey Cup's certainly an opportunity to reflect on what the Grey Cup and the CFL have meant to Canada," Redmond said. "We did our best to try and spread the stories around throughout the era and the country."


You can read the full article HERE and watch the series trailer below. And don't forget to watch the first instalment of Engraved on a Nation on Thanksgiving Monday at 7:30pm ET immediately following the game between the Argos and Roughriders.







back



Engraved on a Nation press release
September 26th

TSN released a formal press release and the schedule for Engraved on a Nation yesterday. The series begins on Thanksgiving Monday, October 8th, immediately following the game between the Toronto Argonauts and the Saskatchewan Roughriders with an intimate look at the love affair between the Roughriders and their passionate fans through the prism of the infamous 13th man penalty in the dying moments of the 97th Grey Cup. TSN's Shawn Redmond, Vice-President of Programming, describes the series as follows:

"Engraved on a Nation is a special project unlike anything TSN has done before. Transcending football, we've engaged the independent production community and worked with passionate documentary filmmakers to bring to life eight powerful stories of history, politics, culture, family, passion, and loyalty. As we get closer to the 100th Grey Cup, all of us at TSN and Bell Media are looking forward to putting a national spotlight on these films and reminding Canadians how the CFL and its championship trophy have left an indelible mark on our heritage."

The film I worked on, The Kid From La Puente, premiers on Thursday October 18th at 9pm. Directed by Shelley Saywell the film is an intimate look inside Anthony's personal history from the skinny little mexican kid from La Puente to the all-time leading passer in professional football. The official synopsis is below:

Anthony Calvillo's inspirational journey from the gang-ridden slums of east L.A. to la Belle Province, where he builds a family and emerges as one of the greatest quarterbacks in Canadian football history is examined in THE KID FROM LA PUENTE. Narrated by Calvillo's younger brother Mario, this classic against-all-odds story examines how he pushed through repeated obstacles - on and off the field - to lead the Montreal Alouettes to its first Grey Cup in 25 years in 2002. For the first time ever, the three-time Grey Cup champion opens up about passing life's hardest tests as a kid in La Puente to becoming a devoted family man in Montreal - earning the title of football's all-time leading passer in the process.

I am so proud to have had the privilege to contribute to this amazing series and am humbled by the push that the TSN marketing machine is making to raise awareness and build excitement for this series and the 100th Grey Cup. You can read the full press release HERE and watch the latest commercial below.







back



Engraved on a Nation commercial
September 12th

TSN recently released a commercial for the upcoming Engraved on a Nation series, which premieres on October 8th. The series features eight documentaries in celebration of the Grey Cup and CFL as part of this years 100th Grey Cup festivities. It was a privilage to work on this project and I can't wait to see all of the films leading up to the 100th Grey Cup this November. Stay tuned for more updates and you can watch the TSN commercial below.







back



Evolve Toy Store
August 13th, 2012

I recently spent a weekend in beautiful Meaford, Ontario filming some promotional content for Evolve Toy Store. Evolve is an eco friendly toy store with a strong emphasis on supporting the local community. It's a great store with a great vision run by the equally great Samantha McInnis.

We also filmed with Early Bird Toys, who make wonderful Waldorf inspired dolls. The videos are currently being edited and will hopefully be released soon. Stay tuned!!! Here's a great picture of us capturing some beautiful landscape shots. Click on the Evolve logo to check out their website and follow them on twitter here.








back



The Curse of the Ae
July 9th, 2012

Another project from the fine folks at YAP Films, The Curse of the Axe, airs tonight at 8pm on History Television. Although I wasn't involved with this project it should prove to be an interesting watch and features my friends Dr. Ron Williamson and Andrea Carnevale from Archaeological Services Inc. The films tell the story of a Huron village just north of Toronto that could change our perceptions of pre-contact Native American culture.

You can listen to a great interview with Ron Williamson on CBC's The Current HERE and you can watch a news report from Global National below.







back



Explosion 1812 airs on June 17th
June 6th, 2012

A project that I had the good luck to contribute to and is very near and dear my heart is set to air on History Television on Sunday June 17th at 9pm. Explosion 1812 follows the War of 1812 through the prism of the Battle of York and the gigantic explosion that killed and wounded over 200 American soldiers. The Americans completely overran the British forces stationed at York - as they retreated General Sheaffe ordered that Fort York's ammunition cache be set ablaze to prevent it from falling into American hands. The resulting explosion could be seen and felt on the other side of Lake Ontario in Niagara-On-The-Lake. It was the largest explosion in Canadian history until the Halifax Explosion nearly 100 years later.

Produced by YAP Films and directed by my friend Mick Grogan this project is very special to me because my ancestors, some of Toronto's earliest settlers, were involved in the building of Fort York and some where even involved in the battle itself. My fourth great grandfather, Archibald Thomson, emigrated from Westerkirk, Scotland in the 18th century arriving the United States first before serving as a loyalist during the American Revolution and ending up on Lake Ontario's northern shores after the war was lost. His brothers, David and Andrew, later joined him in Canada and York.

You can read more about my ancestors contribution to Fort York and early Toronto HERE in Stephen Otto's article in the July 2010 edition of the Fort York newsletter - The Fife and Drum - and watch the trailer for Explosion 1812 below.







back



Engraved on a Nation
May 6th, 2012

Grey Cup At this year's Hot Docs Festival TSN announced their ambitious new documentary series, Engraved on a Nation. The series is part of this years 100th Grey Cup celebrations and includes films directed by some of Canada's top filmmakers. I was privileged and deeply honoured to work with director Shelley Saywell and producer Dugald Maudsley of Infield Fly Productions on a film focusing on one of my heroes - Montreal Alouette's quarterback Anthony Calvillo. His story is truly inspiring and most impressive of all is that he is such a humble and noble man. I hope that this film will allow the rest of the country to see how truly remarkable his story is.

You can watch a goose bump inducing trailer for the series on TSN's video player HERE and read an article by Scott Stinson of the National Post HERE





back



Hot Chocolate
April 2nd, 2012

Bobbette & Belle I recently started helping Leslieville bakers extraordinaire Bobbette & Belle create some video content for their website and social media outlets. The girls do great work and I'm very excited to start helping promote their great brand even further. Our first project is a simple video for their delicious hot chocolate. Winter's almost over, so get one while you can!!!

You can watch the video below and follow the girls on twitter here:









back